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Three Parables

Three Parables Concerning Joy Over Repentance – Luke 15

The Lost Crowd:

Who came? Publicans (Tax Collectors), Sinners, Pharisees and Scribes.

“Tax collectors and sinners were all crowding around to listen to JESUS. So, the Pharisees and the teachers of the Law of Moses started grumbling, “This man is friendly with sinners. HE even eats with them.” - [Luke 15:1,2]

•Publicans [Tax Collectors] – despised because they often overcharged for the taxes and cheated people.

•Sinners – the off-scouring of society, truly sinful people – morally, sexually, socially, etc.

•Pharisees – outwardly righteous, but inwardly lost / hollow people who thought they were Spiritual

•Scribes – in ancient Israel, they were learned men whose business was to study the LAW, transcribe it, and write commentaries on it. The scribes went beyond interpretation of Scripture, however, and added many man-made traditions to what GOD had said. They became professionals at spelling out the letter of the Law while ignoring THE SPIRIT behind it. Things became so bad that the regulations and traditions the scribes added to the Law were considered more important than the Law itself.

The Lost Sheep / JESUS addresses the sin issue.

“Then JESUS told them this parable: “Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. Doesn’t he lave the ninety-nine in the open country and go after the lost sheep until he finds it? And when he finds it, he joyfully put it on his shoulders and goes home. Then he calls his friends and neighbors together and says, ‘Rejoice with me; I have found my lost sheep.’ I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need to repent.” - [Luke 15:3-7]

The Lost Coin / JESUS addresses the sincerity issue.

“Or what woman having ten silver coins, if she loses one of them, does not light a lamp, sweep the house, and search carefully until she finds it? When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the coin that I had lost.’ Just so, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of GOD over one sinner who repents.” - [Luke 15:8-10]

The Lost Son / JESUS addresses sonship issue.

“Then JESUS said, “There was a man who had two sons. The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father give me the share of the property that will belong to me.’ So, he divided his property between them. A few days later the younger son gathered all he had and traveled to a distant country, and there he squandered his property in dissolute living. When he had spent everything, a severe famine took place throughout that country, and he began to be in need. So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed the pigs. He would gladly have filled himself with the pods that the pigs were eating; and no one gave him anything. But when he came to himself he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired hands have bread enough and to spare, but here I am dying of hunger! I will get up and go to my father, and I will say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son; treat me like one of your hired hands.”’ So, he set off and went to his father. But while he was still far off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion; he ran and put his arms around him and kissed him. Then the son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’ But the father said to his slaves, ‘Quickly bring out a robe—the best one—and put it on him; put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. And get the fatted calf and kill it, and let us eat and celebrate, for this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found!’ And they began to celebrate. “Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and approached the house, he heard music and dancing. He called one of the slaves and asked what was going on. He replied, ‘Your brother has come, and your father has killed the fatted calf, because he has got him back safe and sound.’ Then he became angry and refused to go in. His father came out and began to plead with him. But he answered his father, ‘Listen! For all these years, I have been working like a slave for you, and I have never disobeyed your command; yet you have never given me even a young goat so that I might celebrate with my friends. But when this son of yours came back, who has devoured your property with prostitutes, you killed the fatted calf for him!’ Then the father said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is yours. But we had to celebrate and rejoice, because this brother of yours was dead and has come to life; he was lost and has been found.” - [Luke 15:11-32]

Request

“Then JESUS said, “There was a man who had two sons. The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father give me the share of the property that will belong to me.’ So, he divided his property between them.” - [Luke 15:11, 12]

The Younger Son – Three Things Happen to the Heart of the Wayward Believer

1.Bitter

2.Stubborn

3.Ungrateful

Riotous Living

“A few days later the younger son gathered all he had and traveled to a distant country, and there he squandered his property in dissolute living.” - [Luke 15:13]

Wayward Believers Minds Think:

1.Irrationally

2.Selfishly

3.Ignorantly

“When we want to be the Master over our World, The World Soon Becomes Our Master.”

Reaping

“When he had spent everything, a severe famine took place throughout that country, and he began to be in need. So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed the pigs. He would gladly have filled himself with the pods that the pigs were eating; and no one gave him anything.”

- [Luke 15:14-16]

Three Things You Lose When You Get Out of Fellowship With GOD:

1.Joy

2.Power

3.Rest

Reasoning / There is an Insanity in Sin

“But when he came to himself he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired hands have bread enough to spare, but here I am dying of hunger.” - [Luke 15:17]

Return

“I will get up and go to my father, and I will say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son; treat me like one of your hired hands.” - [Luke 15:18, 19]

True Repentance comes from Within! [I will arise, I will say, I have sinned]

Reconciliation

“So he set off and went to his father. But while he was still far off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion; he ran and put his arms around him and kissed him. And get the fatted calf and kill it, and let us eat and celebrate.”

- [Luke 15:20, 23]

Did you notice that the father didn’t go running after him!

Rejoicing

“For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found!’ And they began to celebrate.” - [Luke 15:24]

The Elder Son

Self-Centered

“Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and approached the house, he heard music and dancing. He called one of the slaves and asked what was going on.” - [Luke 15:25, 26]

Self-Pitied

“Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and approached the house, he heard music and dancing. He called one of the slaves and asked what was going on.” - [Luke 15:25, 26]

Self-Righteous

“Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and approached the house, he heard music and dancing. He called one of the slaves and asked what was going on.” - [Luke 15:25, 26]

The Father – Setting It All Straight

“Then the father said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is yours. But we had to celebrate and rejoice, because this brother of yours was dead and has come to life; he was lost and has been found.” - [Luke 15:31, 32]

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